|SEVEN STARS CLOUD GROUP, INC. filed this Form 10-Q on 08/14/2017|
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not have any off balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity or capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to an investor in our securities.
Our operating results and operating cash flows historically have not been subject to seasonal variations. This pattern may change, however, as a result of new market opportunities or new product introductions.
Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires our management to make assumptions, estimates, and judgments that affect the amounts reported, including the notes thereto, and related disclosures of commitments and contingencies, if any. We have identified certain accounting policies that are significant to the preparation of our financial statements. These accounting policies are important for an understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. Critical accounting policies are those that are most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and require management’s difficult, subjective, or complex judgment, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. Certain accounting estimates are particularly sensitive because of their significance to financial statements and because of the possibility that future events affecting the estimate may differ significantly from management’s current judgments. We believe the following critical accounting policies involve the most significant estimates and judgments used in the preparation of our financial statements.
Variable Interest Entities
We account for entities qualifying as variable interest entities (“VIEs”) in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Boards (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 810, Consolidation. For our consolidated VIEs, management has made evaluations of the relationships between our VIEs and the economic benefit flow of contractual arrangement with VIEs. In connection with such evaluation, management also took into account the fact that, as a result of such contractual arrangements, we control the legal shareholders’ voting interests and have power of attorney in the VIEs, and therefore we are able to direct all business activities of the VIEs. As a result of such evaluation, management concluded that we are the primary beneficiary of our consolidated VIEs.
We have consulted our PRC legal counsel in assessing our ability to control our PRC VIEs. Any changes in PRC laws and regulations that affect our ability to control our PRC VIEs may preclude us from consolidating these companies in the future.
When persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured, we recognize revenue as services are performed. For certain contracts that involve sub-licensing content within the specified license period, revenue is recognized in accordance with ASC Subtopic 926-605, Entertainment-Films - Revenue Recognition, whereby revenue is recognized upon delivery of films when the arrangement includes a nonrefundable minimum guarantee, delivery is complete and we have no substantive future obligations to provide future additional services. Payments received from customers for the performance of future services are recognized as deferred revenue, and subsequently recognized as revenue in the period that the service obligations are completed.
In accordance with ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition - Multiple Element Arrangements, contracts with multiple element deliverables are separated into individual units for accounting purposes when the unit determined to have standalone value to the customer. Since the contract price is for all deliverables, we allocated the arrangement consideration to all deliverables at the inception of the arrangement based on their relative selling price. We use (a) vendor-specific objective evidence of selling price, if it exists, or, (b) the management’s best estimate of the selling price for that deliverable to determine the relative selling price of each individual unit.
We also generate revenue from sales of goods. Sales orders are confirmed after negotiation on price between customers and us. Purchase orders are confirmed after careful selection of suppliers and negotiation on price. We purchase finished goods from suppliers in accordance with sales orders from customers. Our suppliers then deliver goods to our customers directly. When the delivery is completed, we recognizes revenue and transfers cost at same time. According to purchase orders with suppliers, we, as the owner of the goods, become the first responsible party for the goods. We are required to bear the direct risk of damage to the goods and the direct default risk that can not be delivered to the customer.
In accordance with ASC 605-45, Revenue Recognition — Principal Agent Consideration, we account for revenue from sales of goods on a gross basis. We are the primary obligor in the arrangements, as we have the ability to establish prices, and have discretion in selecting the independent suppliers and other third-party that will perform the delivery service, we are responsible for the defective products and we bear credit risk with customer payments. Accordingly, all such revenue billed to customers is classified as revenue and all corresponding payments to suppliers are classified as cost.
The recognition of revenue involves certain judgments and changes in our assumptions, judgments or estimations may have a material impact on the amount and timing of our revenue recognition.